Thursday, February 12, 2004

1. In the article of ‘The Digital Generation?’, how do you think about the definition of “normal activities” and “normal channels of communication”? What are normal activities? Do you think if children don’t develop the technological skills like an expert, they may be socially excluded and cannot participate in normal activities? The author in this paper insists that “those children who have accesses to ICT in school but resist or reject the opportunities may be socially excluded in a future information society because, without these skills, they may be unable to participate in normal activities.” However, I disagree to his argument. This argument is too deterministic. Equal access and use should be provided to all children, but we should not force them to become all technologically fluent people. Children have a different talent and ability and they have a different interest and goal, so education might be able to provide children with an environment to develop their ability or talent, but it cannot force children to have all the same level of skills.

2. In the same article, the author emphasizes the importance of social practices which can produce social exclusions within the classrooms, and he mentions the disparities in hardware and software and in access to these resources. However, how much do people, in general, use all software and how high level of hardware do they have and how often do they use all of them? In my opinion, there is a limitation for children to use high level of hardware and various software in class practice for social practices. Technology is changed rapidly, and it’s difficult for everyone to catch up new and high level technology quickly at the same time like a professional, but my point is that education should be able to provide an environment that all children at least have an equal access to the technology and an equal opportunity to use technology.

3. Like the book “Teachers and Machines”, people may assume that most teachers will use computers as a teaching aid like radio, film, and television, but the use of computer in classroom and its impact on education will be different from previous media use. What are the important things for teachers to use computers and new technology in classroom for teaching? What will be the substantial impact on education when computers are used by teachers as a teaching aid in classroom? The development of curriculum for using computers in classroom is an important factor for teachers to use them as a teaching aid in classroom. Like a main subject of this book, how do you think whether or not computers should be used in classrooms to develop children’s technological skills? As the author mentioned in the book, my concern is that under what conditions and to what degree, the computer should be used in classrooms.
By SeungHyun Lee

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